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Political machine, in U.S. politics, a party organization, headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state. What is the main reason for the enactment of Chinese Exclusion Act of 1888, Quota Act of 1921, and National Origins Act ... History Mid-Term 7. an older part of a city, densely populated and usually deteriorating, inhabited mainly by poor, often minority, groups: Struggling schools in the inner city face substantial challenges to prepare students for college. investing in inner-city parks, there are huge disparities in what parks look like in North Minneapolis vs. Southwest Minneapolis. Alternatively, there’s the relatively benign shorthand that apparently favors no particular agenda. The term reinforces the concept of “white flight,” wherein moving to the suburbs functions as an escape mechanism to avoid living among black people, leaving said minorities behind in city neighborhoods that inevitably become neglected … History of Inner City In 1982, Dr. Bill Bright, founder of Campus Crusade for Christ®, was burdened by the lack of the ministry's involvement in the inner cities of America. Thus, even as it arose in contexts aiming to entice mainline Protestantism back into the cities it had fled, the term accrued its meaning by generating symbolic and geographic distance between white liberal churches and the black communities they sought to help.[2]. Contrary to what the homogenous imagery depicted by Hollywood and history books would lead you to believe, cowboys of color have had a substantial presence on the Western frontier since the 1500s. he linked it explicitly to African Americans (and lies about poverty and crime rates), even though African Americans no longer primarily live in cities, and their populations are going down in many parts. The word "downtown" is also used to describe the inner city or city centre – primarily in North America – by English-speakers to refer to a city's commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart, and is often contiguous with its central business district. Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has raised eyebrows for his use of the term "inner city." North American sociologists popularized “inner city” in the early 1960s to address urban migration trends that we can trace back to the federal housing policy shifts of the 1930s. In many respects Manchester could claim to be the first of a new generation of huge industrial cities created in … The two terms are used interchangeably in Canada. The primary goal of a political machine is maintaining control, and abuses of power are not uncommon. But beneath the niceties, a typical discussion about people from the “inner city” is actually coded language for African-Americans. 10 terms. Without necessarily realizing how fluent we are in such loose, figurative language, we hear and use these euphemisms every day. The term "inner city" first achieved consistent usage through the writings of white liberal Protestants in the US after World War II, contrasting with the growing affluent suburbs. The term inner city arose in this racial liberal context, providing a rhetorical and ideological tool for articulating the role of the church in the nationwide project of urban renewal. a. the parts of a city in or near its centre, esp when they are associated with poverty, unemployment, substandard housing, etc b. The term “inner city” gained popularity through the work of urban theorists and sociologists in the 1960s and 1970s to describe central cities … What does it really mean? “Inner city,” for instance—a term that you’re as likely to hear in the campaign rhetoric of Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton as you are in remarks from Paul Ryan, the Republican Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. 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